Adjuntamos los títulos destacados del último número de la American Family Physician, referidos al rastreo de diferentes tipos de cáncer en poblaciones adultas.
American Family Physician
Volume 78 Number 12 • December 15, 2008
Understanding modifiable and nonmodifiable factors that increase or decrease breast cancer risk allows family physicians to counsel women appropriately. Of the risk factors most strongly associated with breast cancer, the two most notable are nonmodifiable: age and female sex. http://lyris.aafp.org/t/2217473/15773696/727961/0/
The decision to discontinue cancer screenings should be made using evidence-based guidelines and patient preferences. Physicians should consider the patient’s age, overall health, life expectancy, and the potential benefits and harms of screening. http://lyris.aafp.org/t/2217473/15773696/727962/0/
Digital rectal examination and prostate-specific antigen testing are commonly used to screen for prostate cancer. However, screening guidelines continue to be debated. http://lyris.aafp.org/t/2217473/15773696/727965/0/
The incidence of colorectal cancer can be reduced with increasing efforts directed at screening of average-risk adults 50 years and older. Most medical organizations do not recommend a preferred screening method, but instead list screening options, including fecal occult blood test, flexible sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy. http://lyris.aafp.org/t/2217473/15773696/727966/0/